نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استاد دانشگاه تهران
2 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد دانشگاه گیلان
عنوان مقاله [English]
Considering the serious challenges facing humanity, arising from the effective forces which shape the future (i.e., population, human needs, globalization and climate change), planning for the future in all areas of life is indispensable. Perhaps the most important human achievement to face the inevitable picture of the future is his increasing knowledge or technology, which is the fifth most effective force, man-made, inspired by Ispired by, and effective on, the nature, and has no boundaries. But the question isthat how far can this potential go without endangering the security? Which approaches are more appropriate and rational, “conservative” or “rceptive”? The proper and efficient use of biotechnology is necessary to examine possible future developments, because it will surely create a dramatic development in the major areas of human life from agriculture to therapeutic areas at national and international levels. Therefore, ethics and biosafety are in dire need of that time. In the flat world of the future, when the man and the machine are united and their boundary is abolished, universal rules will govern human society in the field of technology. So, do we still have to witness worthless controversy over the gene transfer? Do we still have to get trapped in the scientific routineness and fight with innovation? How will our grandchildren label our current planning for water, soil and life? This article discusses the status of ethics and biosafety in in relation to predicted future developments.